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Nelson Education > Higher Education > Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials, Fourth Canadian Edition > Student Resources > Glossary > Chapter 3

Chapter 3: Socialization

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

ageism
Prejudice and discrimination against people on the basis of age, particularly against older persons.

agents of socialization
The persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know to participate in society.

anticipatory socialization
The process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles.


C

chronological age
A person's age based on date of birth.


D

dramaturgical analysis
The study of social interaction that compares everyday life to a theatrical presentation.


E

ego
According to Sigmund Freud, the rational, reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on the innate pleasure-seeking drives of the id.



F

functional age
A term used to describe observable individual attributes such as physical appearance, mobility, strength, coordination, and mental capacity that are used to assign people to age categories.


G

gender socialization
The aspect of socialization that contains specific messages and practices concerning the nature of being female or male in a specific group or society.

generalized other
George Herbert Mead's term for the child's awareness of the demands and expectations of the society as a whole or of the child's subculture.


I

id
Sigmund Freud's term for the component of personality that includes all the individual's basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification.

P

peer group
A group of people who are linked by common interests, equal social position, and (usually) similar age.



R

resocialization
The process of learning a set of attitudes, values, and behaviours that is new and different from those in one's previous background and experience.


S

significant others
Those persons whose care, affection, and approval are especially desired and who are most important in the development of the self.

socialization
The lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in society.

superego
Sigmund Freud's term for the human conscience, which consists of the moral and ethical aspects of personality.


T

total institution
Erving Goffman's term for a place where people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and come under the control of the officials who run the institution.

 

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